Columbus Day

Columbus Day commerates Christopher Columbus' discovery of the American Continent on October 12, 1492. It is a national holiday in many countries in the Americas, and is also celebrated in Italy and Spain. In the United States, the holiday is called "Columbus Day", while in many countries in Latin America it is known as "Día de la Raza" ("Day of the Race") and as "Día de la Hispanidad" and "Fiesta Nacional" in Spain, where it is also the religious feast day of la Virgen del Pilar. It is also celebrated as Día de las Américas (Day of the Americas) in Belize and Uruguay, as Discovery Day in the Bahamas, as Día del Respeto a la Diversidad Cultural (Day of Respect for Cultural Diversity) in Argentina and as Giornata Nazionale di Cristoforo Colombo or Festa Nazionale di Cristoforo Colombo in Italy and in the Little Italys around the world. These holidays have been celebrated unofficially since the late 18th century and officially in various countries since the early 20th century.


Posts for Columbus Day

Columbus day Parade in NYC

Columbus Day in NYC, NY, USA
Anonymous

Many Italian-Americans observe Columbus Day as a celebration of their heritage. The first celebration was recorded in New York City on October 12, 1866. However, Columbus Day was first enshrined as a legal holiday in Denver through the lobbying of Angelo Noce, a first generation Italian. The first statewide Columbus Day holiday was proclaimed by Colorado governor Jesse F. McDonald in 1905, and it was made a statutory holiday in 1907. In April 1934, as a result of lobbying by the Knights of Columbus and New York City Italian leader Generoso Pope, Congress and President Franklin Delano Roosevelt proclaimed October 12 a federal holiday under the name Columbus Day.

Nowadays, the largest Columbus Day celebration and parade is held in NYC every year.

John Oliver on Columbus Day

Columbus Day in NYC, NY, USA
Anonymous

National Heroes Day in the Bahamas

Columbus Day in Nassau, Bahamas
Anonymous
Columbus Day in Nassau, Bahamas The Bahamas, where Columbus first set his foot on the American continents, has changed the name of the holiday, from Discovery Day to National Heroes Day.

Columbus Day across the USA

Columbus Day in USA
Anonymous
Columbus Day in USA Columbus Day became a federal holiday in the United States in 1937, however not every state celebrates the holiday; Hawaii, Alaska, Oregon, and South Dakota do not recognize Columbus Day. Hawaii commemorates the Polynesian discoverers of Hawaii on the same date, the second Monday of October, while South Dakota celebrates the day as "Native American Day" rather than Columbus Day. Two additional states, Iowa and Nevada, do not celebrate Columbus Day as an official holiday, but the states' respective governors are "authorized and requested" by statute to proclaim the day each year. In California and Texas, Columbus Day is no longer a paid holiday for government workers. Since 1992, the city of Berkeley, California, celebrates Indigenous People's Day, instead of Columbus Day. This bold move has been followed by several other cities, such as Sebastopol and Santa Cruz, California; Dane County, Wisconsin; Minneapolis-Saint Paul, Minnesota; and Seattle, Washington. Various tribal governments in Oklahoma designate the day "Native American Day", or name the day after their own tribe.

The ugly truth about Christopher Columbus

Columbus Day in USA
Anonymous

Toppling the Statue of Christopher Columbus in Caracas

Columbus Day in Caracas, Venezuela
Anonymous
Columbus Day in Caracas, Venezuela Before 2002, Venezuela celebrated Día de la Raza along with many other Latin American nations. In 2002, this holiday became Día de la Resistencia Indígena (Day of Indigenous Resistance) to commemorate the Indigenous peoples' resistance to European settlement. Following the toppling of Saddam Hussein's statue in 2003, a crowd of pro-government activists during a “public trial” knocked down the statue of Christopher Columbus in Caracas and sprayed allusive graffiti over its pedestal on October 12, 2004, the newly instituted “Day of the Indigenous Resistance”.

The REAL History Of Christopher Columbus

Columbus Day in Los Angeles, CA, USA
Anonymous

El día de la Raza y de la Hispanidad in Colombia

Columbus Day in Bogoto, Colombia
Anonymous
Columbus Day in Bogoto, Colombia Colombia is the only country that derived its name from Columbus. However, even in this country, people celebrate El día de la Raza y de la Hispanidad rather than Columbus Day.

Letters by Amerigo Vespucci

Columbus Day in Seville, Spain
Anonymous

Día de la Hispanidad

Columbus Day in Madrid, Spain
Anonymous
Columbus Day in Madrid, Spain Before 1981, Spain celebrated the day as Día de la Hispanidad, emphasizing Spain's ties with the Hispanidad. In 1981 a royal decree established the Día de la Hispanidad as a national holiday. Since 1987, Spain has celebrated the anniversary of Columbus' arrival in the Americas, Oct 12th, as its Fiesta Nacional or "National Day".

How America got it's name

Columbus Day in Saint-Dié-des-Vosges, Lorraine, France
Anonymous

Italian explorer Amerigo Vespucci is best known for his namesake: the continents of North and South America. Why were these continents named after him, as his voyages happened after Christopher Columbus’ famous 1492 voyage to the American continents?

It is partly Columbus’s own fault as he insisted that he had reached the Asian continent, as previously described by Marco Polo and other European travelers. On the contrary, when Vespucci reached the Americas, he immediately realized that these continents were distinct from the ones previously known to Europeans, Asians and Africans. In other words, Amerigo Vespucci was the first person to recognize the New World.

In 1507, Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the new continent America after the feminine Latin version of Vespucci's first name, Americus. In the book accompanying the map, Martin Waldseemüller stated: "I do not see what right any one would have to object to calling this part after Americus who discovered it and who is a man of intelligence, Amerige, that is, the Land of Americus, or America: since both Europa and Asia got their names from women".

Cristoforo Colombo, an Italian national hero

Columbus Day in Genoa, Italy
Anonymous
Columbus Day in Genoa, Italy Columbus, a citizen of the Republic of Genoa, is known as Cristoforo Colombo in Italy, where he is a national hero for being a great explorer. In Italy, Columbus Day has been officially celebrated since 2004, and is called Giornata nazionale di Cristoforo Colombo. Furthermore, the "Lega Navale Italiana" holds a sailing race, Regata di Colombo, to celebrate Columbus' achievement. Finally, Italians have commemorated "Cristoforo Colombo" by naming after him many civilian and military ships

Columbus' bio

Columbus Day in Genoa, Italy
Anonymous
Columbus Day in Genoa, Italy

Christopher Columbus was born in 1451 in the Republic of Genoa to Susanna Fontanarossa and Domenico Colombo, a middle-class wool weaver. However, no one knows his exact birthday and birthplace, and some historians argue that he was from the Aragon region of Spain. Columbus started working on ships at a young age. In one of his writings, he wrote that he went to sea at the age of 10. Hard-working and ambitious, Columbus, without much formal education, eventually learned Latin, Portuguese, and Castilian. He was an industrious reader, and read about astronomy, geography, and history. From his hundreds of notations in the books, we can see that he had a very good command of astronomy, geography and navigation.

The Silk Road had become dangerous with the fall of the Mongol Empire, and other routes were sought to continue the lucrative trade with Asia. An eastward route was pioneered by Portuguese navigators, who had rounded the southern tip of Africa in 1488.

Meanwhile, Columbus learned of Alfraganus's estimate, from d'Ailly's Imago Mundi, that a degree of latitude spanned 56⅔ miles. Unfortunately, he did not realize that this was the Arabic mile rather than the shorter Roman mile. He therefore estimated the circumference of the Earth to be about 30,200 km, whereas the correct value is 40,000 km.

In 1485, Columbus presented his plans for a westward Asian route to John II of Portugal. He asked the king to give him three sturdy ships to search for the route. As compensation, he requested that he be made "Great Admiral of the Ocean", appointed governor of any and all lands he discovered, and be given one-tenth of all revenue from those lands. This proposal was flatly rejected by the king and his experts. He was turned down again in 1488. In addition, when presented with this offer, Henry VII of England refused to fund him.

Finally, Columbus gained the support of Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castile in 1492 after 2 years of negotiation. Columbus got the deal he had originally proposed to Portugal and England. With Castile backing, Columbus completed four round-trip voyages to the Americas from 1492-1503. These voyages have significant impact on world history, as they mark the beginning of European colonization of the American continents. However, Columbus himself insisted that his fleet had reached Asia and not a new continent.

Amerigo Vespucci bio

Columbus Day in Florence, Italy
Anonymous

Amerigo Vespucci was born on March 9, 1454, in Florence, Italy. The Vespuccis were a prominent family and friends with the powerful Medicis, who ruled Florence for more than 300 years. Unlike his brother, Vespucci did not go to the University of Pisa to pursue scholarly careers. Instead, he was educated by his uncle. As a young man, he was fascinated with books and maps. He worked for the Medicis as a banker and later supervisor of their ship-outfitting business, which operated in Seville, Spain.

Between 1499 and 1502, Vespucci participated as an observer on several voyages, which explored the east coast of South America, at the invitation of king Manuel I of Portugal. During the first of these voyages he discovered that South America extended much further south than previously thought. Between 1502 and 1504, two of Vespucci’s letters were published. In these letters, Vespucci gave a detailed account of his voyages, as a result, his expeditions became widely known in Europe.

In 1507, Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the new continent America after the feminine Latin version of Vespucci's first name, Americus. Vespucci's real historical importance may well rest more in his letters, from which the European public learned about the newly discovered continents of the Americas for the first time.

Documentary: America Before Columbus

Columbus Day in None
Anonymous